Public income security programmes for individuals can take three forms. Each kind targets different kinds of beneficiaries and requires a different type of financing. Here the different kinds of programme will be defined relative to the objective of providing maternity, paternity, adoption and parental benefits for new parents and eventually for all parents with dependent children.
I. THREE KINDS OF PROGRAMMES: SOCIAL INSURANCE, UNIVERSAL PROGRAMMES, ASSISTANCE
II. THE STRUCTURE AND FINANCING OF NEW PARENTAL BENEFITS IN CANADA
III. IN SUM