Since our founding at a conference held at the University of Windsor law school in 1974, the National Association of Women and the Law (NAWL) has worked on its own and in collaboration with others to advance feminist law reform in Canada. We’re proud to have had a major role in achieving significant milestones for Canadian women’s equality, and for our feminist legal analysis and advocacy to have impacted countless laws and policies across the country — most notably in relation to the Canadian Human Rights Act and Sections 15 and 28 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Today, we continue to write briefs and discussions papers and appear before Parliamentary and Senate committees, and meet with decision makers to influence the law making process on current and emerging feminist law reform priorities. Working with feminist lawyers, students, service providers, academics, activists and allies, we are (re)building a feminist law reform network and increasing the capacities of women to engage in the law making process.

Historically NAWL’s operations and work have been supported by: public funding primarily from the federal government, membership fees, and funds received from foundations, individuals, and other sources from time to time. At the request of the Trust, NAWL also delivers activities funded by charitable donations made to the Trust. When NAWL was defunded in 2006 by the (then) federal government, all staff were laid off and the office was closed. More than a decade later, through the hard work of NAWL’s dedicated National Steering Committee, NAWL received a multi-year grant and operations fully resumed in 2017.

our history

Our Staff

Suki Beavers
Suki Beavers
Executive Director
Karen Cartier
Karen Cartier
Fundraising and Membership
Julie Jenkins
Julie Jenkins
Finance
Rachel Kohut
Rachel Kohut
Project Director, Feminist Law Reform Advocacy
Padmah Osman
Padmah Osman
Project Administrator

Staff Bios

Suki is a well known feminist in Canada and globally, Suki has worked with the United Nations, NGOs, in a community legal clinic, and she practiced union-side labour, employment and human rights law in Ottawa. She has written, edited and/or contributed to 30+ publications including on; CEDAW, VAW/GBV, women’s participation and decision-making, sexual rights, LGBTI rights and inclusion, inclusive political processes, HIV and the law, access to justice, and good governance, and she has been a member of the Editorial Board of the Canadian Journal of Women and the Law. After serving as Regional Human Rights Advisor in Fiji, Suki was appointed to a series of policy positions in UNDP Headquarters which included; co-leading the development of a global LGBTI Inclusion Index, serving as the first global Advisor on Inclusive Political Processes, and as the Gender Team’s Policy Advisor and Cluster Leader, shaped global approaches to advancing gender equality and women’s empowerment in relation to issues of Democratic Governance, Crisis Prevention and Recovery, and Gender Based Violence. Working in English, French and Tok Pisin, Suki has engaged extensively with parliamentarians, governments and other stakeholders in Canada, and in all regions of the world, and has partnered with civil society, particularly women’s rights and equality seeking movements, to advance gender equality, human rights, social justice and sustainable development. Suki developed the human rights program at Action Canada for Population and Development (ACPD), including the establishment of the Sexual Rights Initiative, and as the Director of the Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action (FAFIA), led the participation of 25+ Canadian equality seeking women’s groups in the Beijing + 5 process. Suki has been a member of NAWL since 1989, and served on the NAWL National Steering Committee for two terms, including as the National Lobbyist and Treasurer. Suki is an alumni of the University of Ottawa (LL.M., LL.B., graduating Magna Cum Laude, and the recipient of the Bassel, Sullivan and Leak and County Carleton Law Association awards, B.A., Hons), and McGill University (B.A.).

With degrees in public health, law and international studies, Rachel’s niche lies at the crossroads of public legal education, health promotion and digital advocacy. Her work has included helping draft a series of reports on Being LGBTI in Eastern Europe for the UNDP’s HIV, Health and Development Programme in Istanbul, as well as another series of reports on women’s experiences with Zika for the Center for Reproductive Rights in New York City—a collaboration with Yale’s Global Health Justice Partnership and Harvard’s Women and Health Initiative. She also helped draft the International Standard for Code Compliance by Signatories while completing her legal clinic with the World Anti-Doping Agency, and did research on pregnant women who use drugs in Russia and accessibility of HIV treatment in Canadian federal prisons for the the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network.

Prior to starting law school, Rachel worked on under recognized diseases, health issues, risk factors and exposures for the federal Chief Public Health Office’s Population Health Assessment and Scenarios Team, monitoring and evaluation for the International Development Research Centre’s Global Health Research Initiative, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in Nunavut for the Carleton Centre for Community Innovation.

Before joining NAWL, Rachel provided support for the Government of Nunavut’s sexual health portfolio, which included researching abortion access in the territory, training community health representatives and helping mitigate outbreaks of sexually transmitted infections. She also drafted public legal education materials on domestic violence and sexual assault for the Legal Information Society of Nova Scotia, and helped support Ilisaqsivik’s Our Life’s Journey program which has trained 181 Inuit mental health workers.

Padmah is the Project Administrator (Bilingual). She holds a Maitrise Humanités et sciences sociales, spécialisation Information et Communication, from the Université Lumière, Lyon, France. Padmah is a new immigrant from Mauritius, and is currently enrolled at the University of Ottawa in the MA in Women’s Studies. She has worked as a Radio/TV journalist at the Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation for 6 years, then started up and managed her family business of books and Publishing, where she acquired her experience in Finance and Administration during 8 years. She then joined the Ministry of Gender Equality, Child Development and Family Welfare, Mauritius, as government Adviser (Policy, Communications and Social Affairs). She has been fully involved in the enactment of two legislations in Mauritius, The Protection Against Domestic Violence Act and The Children’s Bill. She is passionate about social justice issues, women’s rights, family balance and child protection.

Karen has rejoined NAWL after many years of working in the non-profit sector, honing her skills in fundraising, donor relations, project management and social media marketing. She has a passion for working in the sector and believes in the ability of people and communities to create and shape transformational change, and build a just, equitable, and prosperous future for all.

Karen previously worked with NAWL from 1986-1998 as the office administrator and is excited to be back with the NAWL team.

In her free time, Karen loves to garden, paint, and spends as much time in nature as possible.

Julie received her accounting designation through CGA Ontario in 2002, while working in the private sector. For the past decade, her focus has been on the Non Profit Sector, providing senior financial support and training on various accounting software packages, preparing budgets, variance analysis, forecasts, registered charity returns, and internal and external financial reports. A proud Mom, Julie enjoys all the seasons Ottawa has to offer to fulfill her gardening, skiing, and cycling activities.

Our Researchers

Shaunise Austin-Marshall
Shaunise Austin-Marshall
Anastasia Berwald
Anastasia Berwald
Zain Dar
Zain Dar
Léa Desjardins
Léa Desjardins
Laura Doyle Péan
Laura Doyle Péan
Arran Duguid
Arran Duguid
Maysaa El Charif
Maysaa El Charif
Francesca El Ghossein
Francesca El Ghossein
Paula Ethans
Paula Ethans
Marylise Habiyambere
Marylise Habiyambere
Desirée Hayward
Desirée Hayward
Victoria Kayal
Victoria Kayal
Sloane Silverberg
Sloane Silverberg

Our National Steering Committee

We are governed by a National Steering Committee that functions as our Board of Directors.

Lisa is the Executive Director of Downtown Legal Services (DLS), the University of Toronto Faculty of Law Legal Clinic. Lisa is a feminist lawyer and has practiced in the areas of human rights, education, housing and family law in a wide variety of social justice organizations including DLS, ARCH and the Ontario Human Rights Commission. In addition to her legal work, Lisa has extensive experience in public legal education and community outreach. Lisa a long-standing Board member and former President of ACCLE (Association for Canadian Clinical Legal Education). She is a member of the Ontario Human Rights Commission’s Community Advisory Board and Legal Aid Ontario’s Clinic Advisory Committee. Lisa joined the NAWL National Steering Committee in 2011.

Sasha is a human rights lawyer and member of the Law Society of Ontario, with public interest litigation experience both in Canada and internationally. Her legal and academic interests lie in the area of violence against women (VAW) and access to justice for racialized communities. She earned her common and civil law degrees from McGill University, where she served as President of the McGill Law Women’s Caucus, as well as Vice President of the Black Law Students’ Association of McGill. Sasha also holds a Master’s in International Human Rights Law from Oxford University, where she graduated with distinction.

After articling at the union-side labour law firm Goldblatt Partners LLP in Ottawa, Sasha worked as Legal Counsel for the Equality Effect and taught human rights law as a part-time professor in the Civil Law Faculty of the University of Ottawa. As counsel for the Equality Effect, Sasha worked with a team of international lawyers on VAW-related test case litigation before the High Courts of Kenya and Malawi. Sasha’s past experience also includes clerking at the Quebec Human Rights Tribunal and completing a fellowship at the McGill Institute for Health and Social Policy, where she conducted qualitative research on the empowerment strategies of a UN award-winning rural women’s group in Cameroon. In addition to awards Sasha earned as a law student, she is also a 2011 recipient of the American Society of International Law Helton Fellowship Award.

Martha is a Professor of constitutional law at the University of Ottawa where she has taught in the French Common Law program since 1988. She publishes and lectures extensively on social and economic rights, equality and the Canadian Charter. She is regularly involved in lobbying, continuing judicial and legal education, and litigation in these areas, including as counsel for the Charter Committee on Poverty Issues, LEAF, and other interveners in Charter test cases at the trial, appellate and Supreme Court levels.

She was a long-time editor of the Canadian Journal of Women and the Law/Revue femmes et droit, a past member of LEAF’s National Legal Committee and Board of Directors, a former member of the Board of Directors of the Canadian Health Coalition, a member of the board of the Social Rights Advocacy Centre and a member of the Association des juristes d’expression française de l’Ontario. From 1999-2004, she sat on the Equality Rights Panel of the Court Challenges Program of Canada; from 2007-2011, she held the University of Ottawa’s Shirley E. Greenberg Chair for Women and the Legal Profession; and, from 2004-2015, she was the academic lead for two $1,000,000 SSHRC-funded Community-University Research Alliance projects aimed at improving socio-economic rights accountability. In 1996, she received CRIAW’s Marion Porter Prize; in 2007, she was awarded the Law Society of Ontario Medal; in 2015, she was the recipient of the Canadian Bar Association’s Touchstone Award in recognition of her efforts to advance equality, and; in 2017, she was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. Most recently Martha was granted the David Walter Mundell Medal for Legal Writing, by the Attorney General of Ontario (2018), and the Canadian Health Coalition’s Guardian of Public Health Care Award (Academic) (2019).

Martha has been on the NAWL National Steering Committee since 2007 and has acted as its’ co-chair since 2012.

Anne is a human rights lawyer who has worked with a wide range of equality seeking groups, legal clinics and not-for-profit organizations on test case litigation, interventions, appeals and law reform initiatives. She is proud to be one of the lawyers representing the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada in its historic human rights complaint filed with the Assembly of First Nations against the Government of Canada for providing discriminatory child welfare services to over 165 000 First Nations children and for its failure to implement Jordan’s Principle.

Anne is currently a fellow of the Broadbent institute, the Co-Chair of the National Association of Women and the Law and Chair of the Human Rights Committee of the Council of Canadians with Disabilities. She is also a board member of the Feminist Alliance for International Action and a founding member of the Refugee Sponsorship Support Program.

Anne has taught Equality Law, Social Justice and Constitutional Litigation as a part-time professor for the University of Ottawa’s French Common Law Program and, as a Ricard Foundation Scholar, completed a masters in International Human Rights Law at the University of Oxford. She graduated from the French Common Law Program in 2007 and was called to the Bar of Ontario in 2008. In 2015, Anne was admitted to the Common Law Honour Society of the University of Ottawa. She was twice nominated by Canadian Lawyers as one of Canada’s most influential lawyers and recognized as one of the country’s legal pioneers by the Canadian Bar Association’s Futures Initiatives. In 2017, she received the President’s Award from the Ontario Bar Association.

Anne is from Falher, Alberta.

Cheryl is the Executive Director of the David Asper Centre for Constitutional Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto. She was called to the Ontario Bar in 1987 and completed her M.S.W. at University of Toronto in 1991. She practised at the legal clinic Justice for Children and Youth from 1991 to 2008 where she appeared at all levels of court and various administrative tribunals on behalf of young people. There she also led the clinic’s Charter litigation including the challenge to the corporal punishment defence in the Criminal Code [Canadian Foundation for Children, Youth and the Law v. Canada (2004)], the striking down of the reverse onus sections of the Youth Criminal Justice Act for adult sentencing [R. v. D.B. (2008)], and an intervention involving the right of a capable adolescent to consent to her own medical treatment [A.C. v. Manitoba Child and Family Services (2009)].

As Executive Director of the Asper Centre, she has represented the Centre at the Supreme Court of Canada in R. v. Conway, R v. Barton, R. v. Kokopenace and the jury vetting appeals [R v Emms, R v Davey, R v Yumnu (2012)], as well as in the Polygamy Reference case at the B.C. Supreme Court and Tanudjaja v Canada (Attorney General) at the Ontario Court of Appeal. She is the past Chair of the Ontario Bar Association, Constitutional, Civil Liberties and Human Rights Section and has served on the CBA National Constitutional and Human Rights Law and Child and Youth Law Sections executive.  From 2018 to 2020 she served on the Child and Family Services Review Board and the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario and continues to serve on the Steering Committee of the National Association of Women and the Law (NAWL). In 2019, Cheryl was awarded the Law Society Medal by the Law Society of Ontario for her contributions to the legal profession.

She teaches a Constitutional Advocacy clinic and Child and Youth Law  at the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto.

Lorena is Cree-Anishinabe from the Sagkeeng First Nation in Manitoba. She is an associate professor in the Department of Indigenous Studies at the University of Winnipeg. She has spoken nationally and internationally and has authored articles on residential school issues and Aboriginal language rights in Canada. Since 2003, Lorena has been an advocate for Aboriginal Residential School Survivors as well as Children of Residential School Survivors. She was a task force member and contributor to the Assembly of First Nation’s Report on Canada’s Dispute Resolution Plan to compensate for abuses in Indian Residential Schools. Lorena also acted as a legal consultant to the Toronto law firm Thomson, Rogers for the plaintiffs and their counsel in the Baxter National Residential School Class Action as well as to Mother of Red Nations Women’s Council in Manitoba on cultural harm issues. Lorena is also a former panel member of the Court Challenges Program of Canada.

Zahra is a family lawyer and a Certified Specialist in Family Mediation. She is one of the founding partners of the law firm Simpson Taseer LLP. She is an active member of the Law Society of Ontario, with background in human rights and women’s rights work both in Canada and internationally. She is a member of the executive of the Family Law Section of the Ontario Bar Association and the Advocate Society’s 10+ Standing Committee. Her interests lie in the area of violence against women (VAW) and access to justice. She earned her common law degree from University of Ottawa, where she was actively involved in the Women’s Division at the Community Legal Clinic. Zahra also holds a LL.M. from University of Toronto. Prior to being called to the bar, Zahra worked for several years with women’s rights organizations including Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development, advocating for women’s rights at the regional level and at the United Nations. At law school, Zahra received the Bertha Wilson scholarship for human rights.

Naomi is a bilingual executive currently working as the Academic Administrator of the Faculty of Law, Common Law Section of the University of Ottawa. This role ensures the integrated direction, planning and coordination of all academic and administrative activities of the Faculty of Law, Common Law Section. She has spent the past eighteen years at the University of Ottawa, taking on roles with increasing responsibilities in the academic, finance, administrative, operation and research sector. She has more than ten years of management experience and a high sense of understanding in the areas of strategic and financial operation, research management and teaching within the post-secondary education sector. In 2018, she was the recipient of the Outstanding Staff Service Award of the Faculty of Law, Common Law Section.

She currently holds a Master’s in Business administration (MBA) from the Telfer School of Management of the University of Ottawa and has been a member of the Chartered Professional Accountants of Ontario (CPA) since 2011. In addition, she has taught on a part-time basis at La cite collégiale a variety of courses (accounting, management accounting, human resources, remuneration). In addition to her work, she has had the opportunity to volunteer for the Lowertown Community Resource Centre tax clinic.

Susana is an International Trade Lawyer and a Certified Customs Specialist practicing at Cassidy Levy Kent (Canada) LLP. Susana assists clients with trade remedies, customs, and government procurement matters before the Canadian International Trade Tribunal, the Canada Border Services Agency, and the Federal Courts of Canada. She has been admitted to the Ontario and New York bars, and holds joint Juris Doctor (magna cum laude) and Master of Business Administration degrees from the University of Ottawa, after completing her Bachelor of Arts and Science degree (first class honours) at McGill University. During her studies, Susana spent a summer in Paris, France completing international law courses (honours) jointly offered through Cornell Law School and the Sorbonne Law School at the Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne. Susana is the Vice-Chair of the Ontario Bar Association (OBA) Young Lawyers Division (East) and the Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Liaison of the OBA International Law Section, through which she has chaired several CPD panels, including one on “How to Thrive as a Woman in Private Practice.”  Susana is a proud wife, daughter, and mother to her young children.

Left photo of our 2019/2020 National Steering Committee — back row from left to right: Lorena Sekwan Fontaine, Susana May Yon Lee, Lisa Cirillo and Zahra Taseer; front row left to right: Martha Jackman, Naomi Telford, Anne Levesque and Cheryl Milne. Absent: Sasha Hart.

Right photo of our 1991/1993 National Steering Committee — from left to right: Kerry Burke, Diane Zwicker, Ann Martin, Suki Beavers, Maeve Baird, Sue Brown, Susan Vella, Roz Currie, Sandra Sellens, Joan Brockman. Absent: Barb Janzen. Photo courtesy of the University of Ottawa Archives and Special Collections Fonds 10-036.

 

 

Our National Project Advisory Board

NAWL is committed to working in collaboration with other feminist and equality seeking groups in Canada working towards advancing women’s equality rights. To ensure that NAWL remains connected to these movements, we established a National Project Advisory Board.

Members of the Advisory Board are appointed to share their respective expertise, and provide input and advice to NAWL Project staff, including advice related to strategies, approaches and processes. The Advisory Board will also assist NAWL Project Staff in identifying additional stakeholders with expertise relevant to the implementation of the NAWL Project: Rebuilding Feminist Law Reform Capacity: Substantive Equality in the Law Making Process. Members of the Advisory Board serve on a voluntary basis and do not receive any remuneration for this role.

The Advisory Board includes feminist legal academics, lawyers, activists, advocacy and/or service delivery organizations engaged in feminist law reform in Canada, using an intersectional feminist analysis, and reflecting the NAWL Project’s commitment to bilingualism, diversity and inclusion. Advisory Board members will include representatives of NAWL and of other feminist equality seeking stakeholders and partners with expertise in the priority areas identified in the NAWL Project.

Our Project Advisory Board Members

Lisa is the Executive Director of Downtown Legal Services (DLS), the University of Toronto Faculty of Law Legal Clinic. Lisa is a feminist lawyer and has practiced in the areas of human rights, education, housing and family law in a wide variety of social justice organizations including DLS, ARCH and the Ontario Human Rights Commission. In addition to her legal work, Lisa has extensive experience in public legal education and community outreach. Lisa a long-standing Board member and former President of ACCLE (Association for Canadian Clinical Legal Education). She is a member of the Ontario Human Rights Commission’s Community Advisory Board and Legal Aid Ontario’s Clinic Advisory Committee. Lisa joined the NAWL National Steering Committee in 2011.

Pamela is a feminist lawyer; a well-known and respected expert on violence against women and the law for her work as a researcher, writer, educator and trainer. She works with women’s equality and violence against women organizations across Ontario.

One of her key roles is as the Legal Director of Luke’s Place Support and Resource Centre in Durham Region, where she leads the organization’s provincial projects, including research, training and advocacy.

She has also been a member of the teaching faculty with the National Judicial Institute, and continues to plan and deliver educational programs on violence against women to Canadian judges. In 2012, she developed violence against women curriculum for law schools in a project with the Law Commission of Ontario.

Pamela works with the Canadian Council of Muslim Women, for whom she co-authored “Muslim and Canadian Family Laws: A Comparative Primer” and was the author of “Violence Against Women: Health and Justice for Canadian Women,” as well as delivering workshops on family law to CCMW members.

Pamela’s most recent paper is “When Shared Parenting and the Safety of Women and Children Collide,” published in 2016. With funding from the federal Department of Justice, she led a team that conducted research into the use of family violence screening tools for family law practitioners. The final report, entitled “What You Don’t Know Can Hurt You: The importance of family violence screening tools for family law practitioners”, includes a draft screening tool.

In her role as Luke’s Place Legal Director, Pamela is the lead trainer for Ontario’s Family Court Support Workers, providing both in-person and online training and support for approximately 100 frontline workers who assist abused women in family court. She recently completed the delivery of domestic violence awareness training to approximately 2,500 Legal Aid Ontario staff, community clinics and lawyers across the province. She was also Co-Chair of the Violence Against Women Roundtable, which provided guidance to the provincial government on this issue.

Pamela is the 2019 recipient of both the Laura Legge Award from the Law Society of Ontario and the Guthrie Award from the Law Foundation of Ontario, and a 2015 recipient of the Attorney General’s Victim Services Award of Distinction for her work on the issue of violence against women. In 2006, she was awarded the YWCA Toronto Women of Distinction award for her work in the area of law reform. She is also a member of the Gender Equality Network Canada (GENC), a national network of more than 150 diverse women leaders nominated by community organizations across Canada.

She is a frequent speaker at provincial, national and international conferences. She is also a regular commentator on violence against women and the law for print media, radio and television across Canada.

Martha is a Professor of constitutional law at the University of Ottawa where she has taught in the French Common Law program since 1988. She publishes and lectures extensively on social and economic rights, equality and the Canadian Charter. She is regularly involved in lobbying, continuing judicial and legal education, and litigation in these areas, including as counsel for the Charter Committee on Poverty Issues, LEAF, and other interveners in Charter test cases at the trial, appellate and Supreme Court levels.

She was a long-time editor of the Canadian Journal of Women and the Law/Revue femmes et droit, a past member of LEAF’s National Legal Committee and Board of Directors, a former member of the Board of Directors of the Canadian Health Coalition, a member of the board of the Social Rights Advocacy Centre and a member of the Association des juristes d’expression française de l’Ontario. From 1999-2004, she sat on the Equality Rights Panel of the Court Challenges Program of Canada; from 2007-2011, she held the University of Ottawa’s Shirley E. Greenberg Chair for Women and the Legal Profession; and, from 2004-2015, she was the academic lead for two $1,000,000 SSHRC-funded Community-University Research Alliance projects aimed at improving socio-economic rights accountability. In 1996, she received CRIAW’s Marion Porter Prize; in 2007, she was awarded the Law Society of Ontario Medal; in 2015, she was the recipient of the Canadian Bar Association’s Touchstone Award in recognition of her efforts to advance equality, and; in 2017, she was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. Most recently Martha was granted the David Walter Mundell Medal for Legal Writing, by the Attorney General of Ontario (2018), and the Canadian Health Coalition’s Guardian of Public Health Care Award (Academic) (2019).

Martha has been on the NAWL National Steering Committee since 2007 and has acted as its’ co-chair since 2012.

Lise has held several positions in the pan-Canadian women’s movement. She is the founding Executive Director of Women’s Shelters Canada, an organization that provides a unified voice for systemic change to end violence against women while providing leadership for collaboration and knowledge exchange among shelters and transition houses across the country. Lise is a member of the Advisory Council for the federal government’s Gender-Based Strategy. Prior to joining WSC, she was the Executive Director of Women’s World 2011, an international feminist conference that hosted more than 2,000 participants from 92 countries in Ottawa in July 2011. For many years Lise was with the Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women (CRIAW), first as a Research Officer and then as Executive Director. Lise is also one of the founding members of FAFIA, the Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action.

Sandeep is the Executive Director of Action Canada for Sexual Health and Rights.

Lorena is Cree-Anishinabe from the Sagkeeng First Nation in Manitoba. She is an associate professor in the Department of Indigenous Studies at the University of Winnipeg. She has spoken nationally and internationally and has authored articles on residential school issues and Aboriginal language rights in Canada. Since 2003, Lorena has been an advocate for Aboriginal Residential School Survivors as well as Children of Residential School Survivors. She was a task force member and contributor to the Assembly of First Nation’s Report on Canada’s Dispute Resolution Plan to compensate for abuses in Indian Residential Schools. Lorena also acted as a legal consultant to the Toronto law firm Thomson, Rogers for the plaintiffs and their counsel in the Baxter National Residential School Class Action as well as to Mother of Red Nations Women’s Council in Manitoba on cultural harm issues. Lorena is also a former panel member of the Court Challenges Program of Canada.